Battle of Mine Creek (October 25th, 1864)

As General Sterling Price commander of the Army of Missouri slowly continues his soldiers and wagon trains (who are retreating) south. The wagon trains are full of items they have taken during the raid and Confedrate sympathizers who are seeking refuge with the Confedrate army. The army is running very low on weapons and ammunition. Following them is Union General Blunt's cavalry and artillery who are slowly catching up with the 500 wagon long supply train. Two days after Price's crushing defeat at Westport the Confederate rear guard had a small skirmish with skirmishers of McNeil's Union Brigade at the town of Trading Post, Kansas - the battle of Mine Creek has begun.

Around 10:30 am there was a skirmish between Philip's 1st Brigade of Union Cavalry along with the 2nd Kansas Cavalry against the Confederate rear guard. As the Union army pushes forward Price's supply trains do not all have time to cross Mine Creek. Major General Marmaduke and Fagan's 7,000 men now make up the Confederate rear guard. They deploy there men on the north side of Mine Creek to defend the ford and the wagons that were left on the other side of the ford. The Confederate line now streches a mile in length with 8 pieces of artillery defending it along with the 7,000 men. This is when Price gives the order to remain mounted even though most of the men have infantry weapons that fire 1 shot then reload.This is a bad descion due to the fact the Union have reapeating rifles that can fire 7-10 shots. Colonel John Philip's arrives first just north of Mine Creek and engages the Confederates first at a distance. Lt. Col. Benteen's 4th Brigade then arrives from the east. Benteen then gets his troops ready for a attack on the Confederate position even though the Union force around Mine Creek is only 2,800 against the superior 7,000 of the Confederates General Pleasonton allows the attack to go on. Two Union cannon are unlimbered as the attack begins.

At 11:00 am charge is sounded by buglers and the Union attack begins with Benteen on the left and Philip's on the right. The 10th Missouri Cavalry hesitates 200 yards from the Confederate postion jepordizing the Union attack. But luckly for the Union the 4th Iowa Cavalry goes around the 10th Missouri and continues the attack. Benteen's entire brigade follows and colides with Marmaduke's Divison. The Confederate line falters and breaks as the Union cavalry give chase. Simualtaneously, Philip's Brigade hits Fagan's divison and their line to crumbles. The Confederates fall back to a second line and make a defense there. The Confederates fight desparetly as the Confederate artillery stay with the guns until they are overrun. Two compaines of the 4th Iowa flank the Confederate right and cross the creek. However they begin to receive friendly fire as they are mistaken as Confederate reinforcements. As the Confederates scudadle they throw away there weapons and ammo as they attempt to run to safety. The Union cavalry give pursuit and the creek soon runs red.

In the end all the Confederate artillary is captured, Major General Marmaduke is captured, along with Brigader General Cabell, and many Colonels, Majors, and Captains. The Confederates have nearly 300 men killed, over 300 wounded, and another 600 men captured. Yet the Union take around 100 killed or wounded.