Battle of Channcellorsville (April 30th-May 6th, 1863)

Channcellorsville was one of General Robert E. Lee's greatest victories, but he lost one of his best generals in Stonewall Jackson. In May of 1863, newly appointed Union General Joseph Hooker (known also as "fightin Joe Hooker") tried to squeeze Lee's army between his forces with an attack at Fredericksburg to the east and Channcellorsville to the west. Lee attacked Hooker at Chancellorsville where the bulk of the Union army was formed. The night of May, Lee learned that Hooker's right flank was vulnerable. The next morning Jackson began a 12 mile march to get around the Union army and destroyed Hooker's right wing in a celebrated surprise attack. That evening Jackson was shot by his own men in the dark, smoke and "fog of war." The next day, Lee pressed his advantage and forced the Union to retreat back toward Washington DC.

The Channcellor House which gave the battle its name was the headquarters for Hooker and also a field hospital. On the last day of the battle it would be struck by artillery and burn to the ground. The remains are still there today.

Many people believe and I think so too, that this was one of Lee's greatest battles. Even today military leaders study the battle as Hooker's plan was a good one, but Lee's counter and execution was even better. Even though it was a great victory for Lee he lost too many men that he could not replace, especially Stonewall Jackson.